What are the different drug panels?

Drug test panels: 4 panel, 7 panel, or 10 panel drug tests, & more

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panel drug tests

Mobile Health offers multi-panel drug testing at all of our locations.

There isn’t really a universal definition of a 4 panel drug test, a 7 panel drug test, or a 10 panel drug test. When putting together a group or panel of substances, employers can make sure their employee screening process matches their employee screening policies.

For example, a 4 panel could test for THC, Opiates, Cocaine, & PCP, but could just as easily test for Methadone, Benzodiazepines, Oxycodone, & Ecstasy. The important thing is that both examples have four substances tested, thus making it a 4 panel drug test.

The choice of the number of panels to be tested can be influenced by profession, state laws, or even corporate culture.

Although there’s no strict definition of which drugs must be tested in a certain number panel drug test, there are certain recommended best practices for what drugs should be in each panel.

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Typical substances in drug panels:

In some cases, the influence of corporate culture can come into play with regard to what drugs are screened in a 4 panel drug test. Generally, the biggest difference between the four and 5 panel drug test tends to be the elimination of marijuana as a tested substance. As marijuana legislation and certain cultures change, employers may decide to customize their panel accordingly. Other variations of the four panel drug screens may instead look for marijuana, cocaine, opiates, & methamphetamine – leaving out PCP.

A seven panel drug test is often administered by companies or individuals who are concerned an employee might be abusing prescription drugs. In industries where alertness is required or heavy machinery is operated, some companies use the seven panel drug test to gauge the presence of prescription drugs with potentially fatiguing side effects – drugs that, although legal, may impair a machine operator’s ability to do their job, particularly if abused.

A standard 7 panel drug urine test typically looks for marijuana, cocaine, opiates, pcp, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, & barbiturates.

A ten panel drug screen is often administered to test employees of law enforcement and occupational medicine, as well as to examine if a person on legal probation is violating the terms of that probation. Further, many civil servants are required to pass a 10 panel drug screen, particularly if their job entails dangerous work or work where the employee is responsible for the safety of others.

A standard 10 panel drug urine test typically looks for cocaine, marijuana, PCP, amphetamines, opiates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, methadone, propoxyphene, & Quaaludes.

A twelve panel drug is often administered as an extension to the 10 panel test and looks for either the presence of extended opiates and prescription painkillers, or can look for traces of other controlled substances if that is dangerous to the workplace.

A standard 12 panel drug urine test typically looks for cocaine, marijuana, PCP, amphetamines, opiates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, methadone, propoxyphene, Quaaludes, Ecstasy/MDA, & Oxycodone/Percoset.

Curious about other number drug panel combinations from 4 panel drug tests to 12 panel drug tests? Interested in knowing what is checked in an 8 panel drug test? Click here for typically tested drug panels variations in list format.